Get To Know All The Major Parts Of An Acoustic Guitar – And their main functions…

There are a lot of parts that make up the entire guitar. In this post, we will cover eleven of these parts so you will be able to familiarise yourself with it. However, you should note that other factors such as materials and craftsmanship are what make the entire guitar sound properly.

That being said, we are going to assume that you are only trying to get familiar with the common parts of an acoustic guitar.




What Are The Parts Of The Acoustic Guitar?



This is the platform-like area located at the end of the guitar neck. It is the placement area of the tuners, and its shape determines how the tuners would be laid out. Some heads have six tuners on one side while others have three on each side. The head is very important that it can also affect the tone of the guitar.

How? Because of the way it vibrates! Even the angle at which the head is attached to the neck will affect how it long and well it sustains notes.

In cases like this, the guitar might need a string retainer to prevent the tension of the strings from going over the nut. This is why angled guitar heads are more likely to break than straight ones.




These are the screw like bits at the head of the guitar. Their purpose is to adjust the pitch of the guitar during and to hold the tension of the string in place after tuning. This is why there are different designs and quality of tuners.

The tuners of better quality are more likely to retain the tune of the guitar over long periods. Players with a guitar that has faulty tuners should also consider checking the entire guitar for other faults. Sometimes, there are other minute factors that cause the guitar to go out of tune.

All in all, you should also get some strings if you want a good set of tuners. This eases the tuning process and makes the overall tone stable.




This is the skinny piece of black material with tiny slots when the strings sit. It is located between the head and the fretboard. Its purpose is to guide the strings and keep them in place.

It controls the height of the strings over the fretboard. One of the things it does that most people might not know is that it acts as an anchor and transmitter of vibration to the guitar neck.

If you do not know, you have to know that the nut can affect the tone of your guitar greatly. Depending on the player though, the nut would lead to the great sound if it is made with good quality.




This is the longest piece of wood you can find on a guitar. It is located between the head and the body. What it does is that it holds the head, fretboard, nut, and frets. Even the quality of wood, the wood shape, and how well it is connected to the body might have a great effect on the guitar sound.

One other thing that the neck quality determines is whether the neck would warp or twist over time. Even the shape of the neck would determine if the guitar would be easy or hard to play. Thick necks transmit sounds differently and better than thin necks, but this is only if you can get your hands around it.




Acoustic guitar strings are quite different from that of electric guitars, and they also come in several types. Classical guitars usually have nylon strings while regular acoustic guitars come with metal strings.

It is clear that the thickness and composition of the strings has a huge impact on the sound of the guitar – you can ask a professional guitar tech on what strings might suit you and your play. They would have the perfect answer for that. Who knows, maybe what you need is the signature guitar strings of some of the guitarist you admire.

But you also have to ensure that there is not much of a difference in the guitars you use and theirs, meaning that you shouldn’t use nylon strings on a Bass guitar.




These parts are the metal strips on the fretboard. There are indicators of where you are to place your fingers as you press down the strings during play while you strike the strings with your other hand.

Good quality frets are to be level and smooth on the edges to keep the strings from making buzz sounds, and more importantly, cutting your fingers on the edges.




These are exactly what they are – markers. They let you know where you are on the fretboard and nothing more. Over time, you might have mastered all the positions on the fretboard and might not need them as much.




This is the biggest part of the guitar. It is the resonance chamber in which the sound bounces inside and comes out through the hole. The type of wood used here; its design and craftsmanship have a huge impact on the sound of the guitar. The body also amplifies sound if it is designed properly by making the entire guitar vibrate in a way that makes the sound good.




This is located on the body of the guitar, and it is the point where the sound comes out from. This is vital for the sound these amazing musical instruments make.




This is where the strings stop and anchor to the body. Vibrations made from play is transferred to the body through the bridge to produce tones.




This is one part that most people are not familiar with. Their sole purpose is to hold the string and anchor them to the bridge of the guitar. They can be a bit tricky when it comes to changing strings.

One way to understand them is to experiment on them a lot – do not mind loosening your guitar, because practical knowledge often goes a long way than theoretic knowledge. Always make sure the ball ends of the strings sit under the pins right before tightening the strings.


Parts Of An Acoustic Guitar Conclusion

These are the common parts of an acoustic guitar. They all contribute to the sound of the guitar to make it unique. However, now you know what each part does and how to access them.

Now that you are familiar with the different parts of an acoustic guitar you can read about the main differences, the pros and the cons of the guitar strings in this excellent article: Steel String Guitar vs Nylon.