There are four basic saxophone parts, fundamental parts, and they are

  • The neck
  • The body
  • The U-shaped bow
  • The round flared bell




For a start, we know that a saxophone is a woodwind instrument made of brass. It is clear that all the parts of a saxophone are made of brass – well, maybe most of it.

Some people might dispute the fact that the saxophone is a woodwind instrument. As surprising as it seems, it is! The part that creates the sound in the saxophone is the reed, and we all know that the reed is made of wood. The common wood material used in creating the reed is a cane. Cane looks a bit like bamboo.


Saxophone Parts
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However, for the purpose of this article, it is time we focused on the common saxophone parts and discover their functions.



The reed is also known as the sound generator of the saxophone. It functions the same way the human vocal cords function in the body. It is held in place on the mouthpiece using the ligature. The sound produced by the reed might be distorted if it doesn’t stay in place.



The mouthpiece holds the reed in place in order to produce sound. It is the part that is blown to produce sounds. When you blow air into the mouthpiece, without touching the other parts of the sax, it produces a shrill, high-pitched sound.



The mouthpiece is held in place by the neck of the saxophone. The neck joins the mouthpiece and the body of the sax. When the mouthpiece is blown, the air flows through the neck to get to the body of the sax where the sound is changed to produce different notes. The saxophone neck is believed to work the same way the human neck works.



The body of the sax is called the resonance chamber. The sound that enters the body from the neck vibrates and is amplified. This is where the player holds the keys on the body to change the length of the air column to create different notes. Long air columns produce lower notes than shorter air columns.



This is a necessary accessory. It is looped through an eyelet located at the back of the horn of the sax. The player wears it on the neck, and it makes carrying the saxophone easier. It also supports the sax so that the fingers of the player can move freely on the keys during play.



The thumb hook is the point where the right thumb rests on the sax. It is usually made of metal or plastic and is shaped like a hook. It helps the player balance the weight of the saxophone easily.



This is located at the top of the sax just below the octave key. It helps to balance the left thumb of the player to keep the saxophone balanced as the player plays.






All the parts mentioned are the major parts. The saxophone has lots and lots of parts that we are not able to cover in this article. But this is a great way to get familiar with the common parts of the saxophone.


Now that you know all the main saxophone parts you can move on and read some of our other sax reviews such as the following, Alto vs Tenor Sax.

You can also read our very detailed and comprehensive post on all the Saxophone Types both new and old, you will get a better understanding of the sax family musical instruments and see which one suits your needs best.