The wonderful trumpet, as small as it may seem, is compiled of many trumpet parts including moving ones.
As you will shortly see, there are a lot of trumpet parts which are joined together to make the whole trumpet that we see as one assembled piece. We are going to take a look at some of those in this comprehensive post so you can get an idea of how complex the trumpet is and what it takes in order to assemble it.
So, let’s begin by taking a look at the main trumpet parts. (The other parts are a subset of the main parts).
What are The Parts of The Trumpet?
The mouthpiece is the part you place your lips on to blow air into the trumpet. It comes in different forms and types, and it is produced by a lot of brands in the market. These different mouthpieces come at different prices, and some expensive ones are believed to make playing easier than normal.
However, do not focus on a mouthpiece that would take all your stress away. Instead, focus on rehearsing consistently. Over time, you won’t even bother about the mouthpiece but about your skills.
The lead pipe is the intermediary between the mouthpiece and the rest of the instrument. It is the part of it where you attach the mouthpiece too. The lead pipe is one of the most important trumpet parts as many would argue, and it has to be maintained and clean at all times. This is because saliva gets deposited there easily, and can lead to the formation of molds over time and rust.
These are self-explanatory, and their name says it all. They are the buttons you place your finger on during play. They are responsible for the production of different notes and keys during play. They are three in number and are played by the index, middle and ring fingers. One would expect them to be more than this due to the number of distinct tones the trumpet can make.
LITTLE FINGER HOOK
There is no way one would play trumpet without having a proper grip. And last time we checked, a trumpet has no shoulder or neck strap for support. The supports on it are mostly hooks. These are not the most important of all the trumpet parts but, it does assist the trumpeter to handle their piece easily.
The little finger hook is one of the hooks, and it is found on the lead pipe. It helps provide support throughout the play. It makes playing a trumpet very comfortable, and enables the player to play this beautiful musical instrument with just one hand – what a ‘handy’ part of any trumpet!
We all love the sound of a trumpet – or why else are we here? However, without hearing the sound of a trumpet, we can’t know its true quality. All thanks to the bell, we know what a trumpet sounds like.
The bell is the conical part of a trumpet at the other end. It is where all the sounds of the trumpet come out from. It acts as the speaker of the instrument and helps project the sound as far as possible.
The brass or woodwind musical instruments are never going to be free of fluids. The more you blow into the instrument, the more saliva enters into the instrument. If only there was a way to drain out all these fluids without having to dismantle the whole trumpet – well, maybe there is!
The water key is the small valve or tap-like structure at the end of a trumpet that allows the trumpeter to drain out fluids from the inside of the instrument. The trumpeter should try to remove the key after each play to ensure their trumpet remains in working order.
The valves are the parts on a trumpet situated beneath the trumpet valves. They are for guiding and directing the airflow in the trumpet, and also for producing several distinct tones with the trumpet.
They are housed by tubes, that also play a part in directing airflow, and they are three in number.
The first valve is used to change the pitch of the instrument. It is controlled by the index finger and creates pitches that the mouthpiece alone can’t create.
The second valve is also used to change the pitch of the-trumpet. It works similarly to the first valve, but there is a slight difference.
The third valve works like the other valves. It makes the tubing of the trumpet longer in order to make lower notes.
THE MAIN TUNING SLIDE
The tuning slide is located at the end of the instrument, close to the bell. It is the slide that moves back and forth to change the key and pitch of the trumpet. It is a very important part of the instrument and comes quite handy during live performances.
The trumpeter can easily switch the pitch to match any song, regardless of the song. This is why the tuning slide should be maintained properly and regularly, to prevent difficulties in tuning in the future.
THE FIRST TUNING SLIDE
The first valve slide allows the player to adjust the inflection of the trumpet.
THE SECOND TUNING SLIDE
It is used basically for cleaning and maintenance.
THE THIRD TUNING SLIDE
The third valve slide also allows the player to adjust the inflection of the instrument when you press the third valve. This allows the player to reach low notes easily without creating any sharp or flat sounds.
LOWER VALVE CAPS
All trumpets are prone to having a lot of moisture on the inside, due to the buildup of excess saliva from the mouth of the player when blowing the instrument.
However, with the help of several parts such as the water key and the lower valve caps, the ‘moisture content’ of the trumpet is kept in check at all times. How does the lower valve caps work? These valve caps help to catch excess moisture that builds up inside a trumpet during play or cleaning. They work without being controlled by the player.
All the player has to do is to make sure they are cleaned regularly to keep them working properly at all times. They are easy to remove, and should not give the player many problems to clean.
The brace is not one of the popular parts, but it is equally as important as the next part. Their function is simple. They keep all the tuning slides in place
There are many more types of trumpets which you can read about in this comprehensive and detailed post. So, if you are looking for your first piccolo trumpet or want another trumpet type, read on.
You may also be interested in some fun trumpet facts from around the world.