All the major members of the violin family were made in the early part of the 16th century in Italy.
A lot of paintings testify of their evidence, and one of the earliest is the paintings of Gaundenzio Ferrari. However, the only downside to his paintings was that the instruments he drew had only three strings.
In the treatise; Academie musicale, written by Philibert Jambe de Fer in 1556, the violin there gave the basic description of the violin we know today.
THE HISTORY OF THE VIOLIN
Let us take a short and deeper glance into the violin history …
Violins are often believed to have been developed from some string instruments that were present in the 15th and 16th century. These instruments include the rebec, Vielle, and lira da braccio.
In Europe, the history of the bowed string instruments dates back to the 9th century – this was the time of the Byzantine lira. Ever since their invention, they began to undergo a lot of changes over the years, and the final model was set in the 17th century.
These models were the handiwork of professional luthiers like the prolific Amati family, Antonio Stradivari, and Jakob Stainer of the Tyrol. Although, there were many other makers at that time.
EARLY VIOLIN HISTORY
The violin is believed to be a descendant from the Byzantine lira. As far back as the 9th century, the first sighting of the bowed Byzantine lire was by Ibn Khurradadhbih the Persian geographer. It was a typical instrument of the Byzantines, and it was also similar to the rabab used by the Muslims at that time.
The Byzantine lire spread westward through Europe and became part of the European writers write-ups in the 11th and 12th century. At that time they called it a lira and a fiddle, using the names interchangeably as the general name for all bowed instruments. On the other hand, the rabab was introduced to the western part of Europe through the Iberian Peninsula.
This quick spread of the instrument gave rise to the development of various bowed instruments native to Europe.
Centuries passed, and Europe continued to have two unique bowed instruments; the Lira da Braccio and the Lira da Gamba.
The former was shaped like a square and held in the arms, and it got its name from an Italian term meaning ‘viol for the arm.’ The latter had sloping shoulders and was held in between the knees, and it got its name from an Italian term meaning ‘viol for the leg.’ It was during the Renaissance that the ‘gambas’ became important and elegant for use.
But they eventually lost to the lira da Braccio family over time. This is the family of the modern violin.
HOW IT EMERGED
Some violin facts for you. After all the years, the violin became popular very quickly. It was a favorite among noble and street musicians. Charles IX of France was believed to commission the wide range of string instruments in the latter part of the 16 century.
The violin began to grow, and it became the ever popular musical instrument that everyone knows today.